Reference material

Christopher Freeman's Lecture at SPRU (Link to The Vega Science Trust page)

Professor Chris Freeman, the founder and first director of the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) at the University of Sussex introduces J.D. Bernal.  As well as becoming one of the first social scientists Bernal was the father of the protein crystallography techniques which enabled the double helix structure of DNA to be unravelled. Bernal`s major impact on scientific research in the post-war industrialised economies through his 1939 treatise "The Social Function of Science" is discussed.  The presentation and ensuing debate with key scientists such as John Maynard Smith also probe the complex political pressures to which Bernal was subject during the period 1930-60.   With an introduction by John Murrell. [External Link:]                           

Freeman's speech at the opening of the institute (UNU-MERIT) 1988

Freeman emphasized in particular the importance of the need for intellectual and financial independence from changing policy fortunes. The other lectures at that opening were given by the late Ilja Prigogine and Zvi Griliches.   

Chris Freeman speech-UNU MERIT 28 June,1988Artist Name
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Professor B. Å. Lundvall shares two lectures as reference material

1.The role of National Systems of Innovation                                     

  2. Innovation policies from a systemic perspective

 Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Havana Lecture, March 19th 2015

Professor Giovanni Dosi shares the folllowing papers:

1.  C.Freeman, J.Clark, L. Soete Unemployment and Technical Innovation Pinter Publishers, London. (1982): PDF

2. G. Dosi, C. Freeman, R. Nelson, G. Silverberg, L. Soete (Eds.)  Technical Change and Economic Theory. Pinter Publisher, London and New York. (1988) URL